Regardless of whether you are diagnosed with pre-diabetes, Type 1 diabetes, Type 2 diabetes, gestational diabetes or maturity onset diabetes, you need help controlling your insulin levels to prevent your condition from getting worse. You should be aware of the signs and symptoms of the illnesses onset, especially if your age, lifestyle and family history make more susceptible to developing the disease. For example, you may be more prone to developing diabetes if any of these factors apply to you:
- Your family background is African American, American Indian, Asian American, Pacific Islander, or Hispanic American/Latino.
- You have a parent, brother, or sister with diabetes.
- You are aged over 45 and are overweight you might be at risk of diabetes type 2.
- You have had gestational diabetes or have given birth to a baby over 9 pounds in weight.
- You have high blood pressure.
- Your cholesterol levels are not good.
If you have two or more of these pre-diabetes symptoms, you should seriously consider visiting a doctor to find out if you are at-risk for developing diabetes:
- You find that you are excessively thirsty, not just after extreme exercise or in hot weather.
- You seem to constantly have a dry mouth – even if you have just had a drink.
- You need to urinate frequently.
- You experience unexpected weight loss or gain, regardless of how much you adjust your nutritional intake. Be careful! Your diet can make your pre-diabetes symptom worse.
- You feel lethargic and you cannot find the energy to perform everyday activities. You may feel weak and tired all the time.
- At times, your vision gets blurry. Do not hesitate to visit an optician immediately. Untreated eye problems caused through diabetes can lead to blindness. You should have regular eye checks, especially as you get older because your eyes can be the early warning signal for many diseases – not just diabetes.
- You have cuts or sores or bruises (especially on your feet) that are slow to heal.
- If you experience excessive itching or soreness in the genital area or yeast infections, (which can be misdiagnosed as thrush) it may be a sign of too much sugar in your urine.